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Guyana: The only English-speaking country in South America, prefers cricket to football Guyana and Venezuela | Guyana City | the world

The country’s name means “land of many waters” in the Native American language, referring to the many rivers that flow through it. Photo: Compound LR/Caribbean News Digital

There is a country in South America that is located on the northeast coast of the continent; Only available in the region It decided English as its official languageand the faith professed by the majority of its people Christian, A Hindu And Islamic. On the other hand, his most famous and favorite sport is over football bat; And its capital is surrounded by sea and forest, so they mainly use air and sea routes to get around.

This is about Cooperative Republic of Guyana, the first part of its name is due to its governmental structure and the second because it is located in the geographical area of ​​Guyana. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its name means “land of many waters”.

What is the origin of Guyana?

Like your neighbor Surinam And French Guiana, Guyana It was part of the territories annexed by the United Kingdom. Netherlands And France. People who lived in these areas before the arrival of foreigners Arawaks And this The Caribbean. Without forming an organized state, about 30,000 people lived in tribes and were devoted to hunting and gathering.

The Spanish were the first Europeans to explore the coast of Guyana Alonso de Ojedawho came to this area Demerara, he mapped the area. Years later, in 1530, the official colonization of the Guyanese territory took place. Diego de OrtazThe creator of the province Guyanaceded it to the Crown of Spain.

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This province includes the present-day states of Venezuela Bolivar, Delta Amaguro And AmazonAs well as the Essequibo region, a region covering 160,000 kilometers of present-day Guyana, is currently a point of contention with Venezuela.

Quest for legendary area Golden Explorers of European descent were motivated to reach out Guyana; However, they did not find it. No treasure was available and the economy was mainly based on agriculture in the coastal areas.

After a series of wartime conflicts between the British and the Dutch, rebellions arose among the local population due to abuses by the Europeans. Finally, Britain They won the victory and the right to free trade, and they became governors of the territory.

Georgetown, the English-speaking part of the Caribbean, is the capital of Guyana and has British colonial architecture. Photo: AFP

Cultural diversity in Guyana

During the British period, workers of African, Chinese, Javanese and Indian origin were recruited. Guyana It went through a process of miscegenation Multiracial country. People belonging to these different origins are living peacefully.

What sport is practiced in Guyana?

Unlike its South American neighbors, cricket and basketball are the most popular sports in Guyana; However, football and volleyball.

What is the wealth of Guyana?

Nation Guyana, with a population of 800,000, has reserves of more than 10,000 million barrels, which may increase with new discoveries. It already has the highest per capita reserves behind Brunei, Kuwait and the world. United Arab States.

Who was Cuffy, a slave who led a revolt of 3,000 slaves in Guyana?

Kofi or Kafi Akan, a member of the Ghana tribe, was captured and taken to Guyana to work on a plantation on the Kanche River, earning a place in the country’s history for the rebellion of over 3,000 slaves he led in 1763. Colonial rule. Became a national hero.

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In February 1763 a slave revolt broke out on the Matkalenenburg plantation north of the Conje River, and spread to neighboring plantations, where slaves attacked their owners. Governor von Hogenheim sent an army to the region; However, the rebellion had already reached the Berbice River and spread towards Fort-Nassa, the capital of the time. Kofi was accepted as president and governor of Berbice (the former name of Guyana, when it was a Dutch colony) and declared.

The rebels numbered about 4,000 and threatened to overrun all of Guyana. Kofi appointed Akara as his second in command. He tried to maintain discipline among his troops, however, disputes between the two rebels broke out when they attacked Akara areas without Kofi’s permission.

On April 2, 1763, Coffey sent a letter to Governor von Hogenheim proposing a truce between “the whites and the blacks” and dividing Berbice into two parts, with the whites occupying the coast and the blacks inland. Power was delayed to buy time until the arrival of the British and French.

Coffey realized the ruse and ordered his forces to attack the whites on May 13, 1763, a battle that resulted in heavy losses on both sides. This defeat created an increasingly less fraternal atmosphere among the rebel troops and weakened their organization.

According to historians, Kofi committed suicide after losing a battle against the Akara who rebelled against him. Coffey lost his life during the military intervention of the neighboring English and French colonies, which others say completely crushed the rebellion.