June 29, 2022

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Challenges that illustrate their crisis

Pedro Castillo, National
Peruvian President Pedro Castillo and part of his cabinet. Photo: EFE

Peru’s president, Pedro Castillo, escaped an indictment nine days ago, but, without being strengthened, faces a global challenge against him in Congress and on the streets, calling for his resignation after violent riots and traffic stops.

The first pages of this Wednesday are unanimous and clear: Peru has been experiencing countless crises with a Congress, mostly the opposition, that has not stopped harassing the president in the eight months he has been in office. But now his allies are also beginning to slide towards criticism, while the streets of Lima and other cities are being seized by protesters in the face of the inaction of the authorities.

Some of the keys to the global challenge for Castillo are:

1.- Strike of carriers

It started nine days ago and although it was not the scene of fierce protests until Wednesday, it has become the axis of the crisis that holds Pedro Castillo on the ropes. Today, violence erupted in the southern region of Ica, as a young man who took part in demonstrations was killed during a clash with police.

Transport workers went on strike due to the global rise in fuel prices, to which the government had a positive effect on tax breaks and began to reduce protests, all of which were far from Lima.

The strike was an excuse for Castillo, who, unexpectedly, was ordered to side with midnight. A curfew order To Lima and the neighboring province of Callo this Tuesday, he did not explain its reasons and justified in statements warning that his government could later plunder the capital.

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2.- Protests and looting in Lima

Thousands of limousines marched to the center of the capital on Tuesday to demand Castillo’s resignation.

There was no debate over a traffic stop in Lima, but as the state of emergency and curfew order was sufficient, a few meters from the Assembly Palace turned into a battlefield between Abanke Avenue protesters and police officers. Gas bombs passed through the air with stones and bottles.

The day ended with an attack on the High Court headquarters, with its chairperson, Elvia Barrios, planning and setting fire to shops and arson on urban furniture, disputes over which the security forces were inactive, and in some cases restricting themselves to asking the perpetrators to stop their approach.

3.- Unruly Congress

He has a worse celebrity image than Pedro Castillo, but has become a major political obstacle for the Congress government.

With a clear opposition majority, in just eight months the ruler passed two indictments (which should have received two-thirds of the vote in parliament), and on several occasions questioned him.

The last apparent animosity of Congress arose on April 1, when the Chamber approved a resolution dismissing Health Minister Hernான்n Condori, forcing Castillo to resign and appointing a third in-charge of that department. During his government. These are all in the country with the highest mortality rate in the world since Govt-19.

4.- Loss of Pedro Castillo and allies

The President holds the votes of Independent Peru, Peru and Democratic Peru together in the Assembly, which ensures a weak balance for him, which will not pass the 87 votes needed to remove him and may be threatened after the strong. The president received criticism on Tuesday from some allies.

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Among the criticisms received were those chaired by a group of ministers between October 6 and January 31 who defined the curfew order as an “arbitrary action” and called on the president to “accept responsibility” and seek democratic solutions. .

One of her main supporters in the last election round was politician Veronica Mendoza, leader of the Progressive Alliance for Peru. Said on Twitter “The government has not only betrayed its promises of change, but is now repeating the right-wing ‘conflict resolution’ system.”

5.- Assures that mobilization will continue

Scenes of thousands of protesters violating the curfew order show a mobilized protest on the streets of Lima and its metropolitan area.

The anger shown beyond the attacks on the buildings in the center of Lima indicates that there are a large number of citizens who do not want Castillo to continue in office for the reason that they have changed their minds or not in recent months. Accept his success. Election after the polarized 2021 campaign.

In addition to the occasional pots and pans in the capital, the Unity Union of Workers in Education in Peru (Sudef) called for a demonstration in Lima on Thursday, in which dissidents could join. Weakness in trying to remove the ruler by force.

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