- Daniel Brown
- BBC Mundo correspondent in Colombia
Despite the big surprises, the political landscape after Sunday’s elections in Colombia shows a country incomparable to the past.
This explains the intensity of a day when, in other circumstances, there may have been a formality: the internal election of the candidates of each coalition and the formation of the Senate and Chamber.
But it became a day in pre-election theory, due to the novelty of intra-party consultations that had dominated the media for months. The first round of a kind of three-round election that will define power in the country between 2022 and 2026.
On May 29, Colombians will vote for the president in the first round and a second round will be necessary on June 19.
According to Sunday’s results, The presidential election campaign looks like a left and right poleLegislative elections have shown that it is fragmented, diverse and difficult to fit into one or two or three-ideological spectrum.
This March 13th the stock was known to be high. While some elements of the past are still valid, the results show the political panorama that Colombia has not passed.
These are the three unexpected results of Sunday’s election.
1. Petro’s great force
Polls have held Gustavo Pedro as his favorite candidate for months, if not years.
He lost in the second round 4 years ago to senator and former mayor of Bogot Ivan Duke, after which he devoted himself to campaigning and pouring oil on his candidacy.
There was hope then that he would perform better. But criticized a former guerrilla Current status So the choice of election is an extraordinary development for a country where the right has always ruled.
With 5.7 million votesS, Petro’s Coalition vote, the historic agreement, doubled the total vote in the other two polls elected on Sunday. Pedro individually received 4.5 million, the highest number of votes ever received by anyone domestically.
But, for the first time in the history of the country A left-wing movement will be more powerful in Congress.
According to the Registrar’s Office, the agreement has 16 senators and 25 delegates to the chamber, which will force it to build bridges with other parties, but it will have an advantage whether or not it wins the presidency. Majority coalition in the legislature.
The question now is whether Petro can win, as he said on Sunday. In the first round. He needs to add another 5 million votes, something that is difficult even if he has good relations with the Liberal Party and the Greens.
Only Alvaro Eurip, the most famous politician in Colombia’s recent history, has won the first round of elections. Since then, politics in Colombia has been defined as between uribismo and anti-uropismo.
Many are taking a firm second round this year, but it is clear that this presidential election will be defined between Patrice and Patrice.
2. Event Francia Marquez
In consultation with the historic agreement, Pedro defeated Francia Marquez by 65 percent, a community leader, however, he turned out to be the most innovative event of the day.
The 39-year-old Marquez has traditionally come from one place They did not go out Politicians Impact National: Rural and Afro people. He was born in Suarez, Gaga, in the southwest, particularly affected by drug trafficking, illegal mining and armed conflict.
She herself has been the target of many attempts in her life.
Lawyer, feminist and icon of popular culture, seeks to reconnect the country with its ancestors and Afro roots, Marquez entered politics and won many international awards For his (successful) struggle against the big mining companies.
These characteristics were taken up by a leader 800,000 votesThe third candidate, who received the most votes on Sunday, is a historic development for Colombia.
Now Marquez is predicted not only to be vice president or one of Pedro’s potential cabinet ministers, but also one of the most influential politicians in Colombia for decades to come.
3. That the machine is successful I know Considered dead and failed I know Is believed powerful
Much has been said in recent months about support programs, machines that add support through candidate endorsements and sometimes vote-buying from local forces that have been rooted there for decades.
On Sunday, the machines that were considered symbols of a past that no one wants to repeat, especially the two forces that traditionally dominated politics in the 20th century, showed their power: Liberal Party (15 senators) and Conservative Party (16 senators).
With these results, both will play a key role in the campaign and in the next government. Alliance with them is a guarantee of political power.
When the traditional ones were valid, there were machines That burned Despite its reputation as the country’s new political force.
Probably the most significant Alexander Chr, former mayor of Barranquilla, owner of supermarkets and football teams, is well known for managing the Atlantic coast at will. He lost by 40 points on the right-wing consultation against Medellin’s former mayor Federico Gutierrez and is by far the most solid card of the right.
Another unforeseen disaster, though different in its causes New liberalismA party trying to reshape the legacy of a former Liberal presidential candidate Louis Carlos Callen The election brought together many personalities from the media and academia.
They won only one seat in the assembly, an extraordinary result estimated by the media coverage that encouraged the movement.
Although Euripismo’s outstanding performance in these elections was not expected, it lost strength Democratic Center in CongressThe move from the first bench in the Senate to the fifth (from 19th to 14th) was another significant development in Colombian politics.
Alvaro Europe, worn for decades by politics and corruption and the government of the outgoing and unpopular Ivan Duque, has so far played a frightening role in the campaign.
However, the votes previously cast for Uribe and Duque now go to Federico Gutierrez, who is a valiant opponent of Pedro in the second round.
Many speak of Figo as a candidate In the “shadow” of Europe: Chairman of the Durified Right.
But it is impossible to give Uribeism to those who died in Colombia, no matter how much legislative power they lost. It is clear that neither the former president nor the “democratic defense” is the main cover for his strategy.
It is an extraordinary event in the country that in four of the last five elections the choice of a candidate for Europa or Europa.
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