November 30, 2021

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What are the main topics of discussion? White House hosts first summit between Trudeau, Lopez Obrador and Biden

US President Joe Biden receives his Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House on Thursday as part of the Ninth North American Leaders Summit (NALS). Govt-19 and economic recovery.

Biden, Lopez Obrador and Trudeau will hold their first face-to-face meeting with the aim of co-ordinating efforts to combat the Govt-19 epidemic. EE.UU North American country of registration High mortality and infection of SARS-CoV-2 virus, With one Ratio 3.49 new deaths per million population and 250.97 confirmed cases.

For its part, Mexico Indicates the rate 1.55 deaths per day And 20.78 New infections For one million people, Canada counts 0.71 deaths And 65.61 Infections.

“During the summit, the United States, Mexico and Canada reaffirm their strong ties and co-operation, while listing new avenues for cooperation in ending the Govt-19 epidemic and improving health care,” Gaza White said. Press release.

In 2019, before the epidemic, total trade between the three countries was more than $ 1.1 trillion.

Marcelo Ebrader, Foreign Minister of Mexico Progress On Tuesday, during the meeting, activities focusing on “research and development of the vaccine product, Govt-19 (…) and other diseases we may face” will be discussed.

Economic recovery

Along with joint efforts on health issues, the leaders of the governments of Mexico, the United States and Canada will discuss job creation and the recovery of North American economies, which have been hit hard as they have been in other regions. Corona virus infection.

In 2020, Mexico’s gross domestic product (GDP) fell -8.3%. By 2021, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicts that the country will have an economic recovery of 6.2%, and next year, it expects moderate growth of 4%.

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Economy In 2020, Canada will be the second worst hit country in North America, With a fall of -5.3%. This year, the IMF estimates growth of 5.7% and 4.9% in 2022, respectively. Meanwhile, US GDP fell to -3.4% in 2020, but recovered to 6% in 2021, and is projected to grow to 5.2% next year. Most recent Report From the IMF from an economic point of view.

With the trade agreement between Mexico, the United States and Canada (T-MEC), government leaders are expected to raise the issue of economic recovery, with the prospect of reclaiming land lost by the Govt-19 epidemic. Levels of 2019, Wholesale Commodity Trade between the three countries Rose More than $ 1.1 trillion.

They pointed out from the White House that the “regional perspective on immigration” would be discussed during the summit. For their part, Foreign Minister Ephraim and Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Jolie met the day before the meeting and reaffirmed its importance. “Root causes of migration”.

Electrical reform in Mexico

Beyond the general conditions before next Thursday’s summit, the governments of Fiden and Trudeau Gave voice His concerns about the power sector reform proposed by President Lopez Obrador to strengthen the state-owned enterprise.

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The Mexican president’s goal is to strengthen the public sector by amending three articles of the constitution to apply changes in the National Electricity System (SEN). Central Electricity Board (CFE). According to the ruling party, the goal is to guarantee service Reasonable price, Considering the current turmoil in the market.

However, during a meeting with the Mexican Foreign Minister, Jolie expressed concern about the changes proposed by Mexico in the energy sector. “Potential negative impact” on Canadian investments in Latin American country, “North American supply chains and climate change efforts.”

The last summit

Five years have passed since the last North American leaders summit. On June 29, 2016, Trudeau welcomed then-US President Barack Obama and his Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto in Ottawa.

At this tripartite meeting, Agreed Increased cooperation on Protecting, Fight transnational crime And reduce Risk of natural disaster. Similarly, special emphasis was given to the fact that the three countries would work closely together Dealing with Illicit Use and Availability of Drugs. In particular, it was announced that the “opioid crisis” needed to be addressed.

At a meeting at the White House this Thursday, the issue of security and transnational crime was left out of the official agenda. Recent, however Capture In Mexico Rosalinda Gonzalez Valencia, Wife Nemesio ‘El Mencho’ Oseguera Cervantes, May be an axis of Fiden’s personal conversation with Lopez Obrador, President of the Jalisco Nueva Generalate Cartel (CJNG).

Gonzalez Valencia was considered the main financial operator of the CJNG and, therefore, dealt a severe blow to the structure of the criminal group with the largest expansion in Mexico. On November 10, Rosalinda’s brother, Jose Gonzalez Valencia, ‘La Ceba’ He was deported from Brazil to the United States., Where he faces international drug trafficking charges.

The ‘El Menzo’ arrested and handed over Is a Priority To the Biden government. The head of the CJNG is also wanted by Washington and the U.S. Office of Drug Control (DEA, its abbreviation in English). Provides A $ 10 million prize For the information that led to his capture.

Jose Feltron Contreras

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