April 13, 2024

Solid State Lighting Design

Find latest world news and headlines today based on politics, crime, entertainment, sports, lifestyle, technology and many more

5 cities in South America will be under water by 2100? | Answers

5 cities in South America will be under water by 2100?  |  Answers

According to recent studies by experts, five major cities in our region will be covered by sea by 2100. This condition occurs due to the influence of Climate change On this planet, there is an increase in sea level, which threatens the geography of South America.

What are five South American cities that could be underwater?

The first of them Barranquilla in Colombia, because it is located in a place that experiences constant flood risks: the mouth of the Magdalena River. They are followed Areas near Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela, places threatened by sea level rise. Then they meet Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre, two of Brazil's most famous cities. Another vulnerable spot Punta del Este in Paraguay Finally, inside ArgentinaEntre Ríos and Buenos Aires areas.

Needless to say, if the predictions of experts come true, they will affect millions of people who will lose their homes, businesses and more. In addition, it will have a strong impact on the economy of these five countries. No doubt Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina They should initiate action for this.

What causes sea level rise?

This is a problem caused by global warming. It is common knowledge that as the planet's glaciers and polar caps melt, large amounts of water enter the oceans. However, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) revealed that poor management of reservoirs and lakes and extraction of water resources from underground reserves are also to blame.

It should also be noted that this is a recurring problem around the world. For example, beaches in Central America Mexico, Nicaragua and Honduras They are at the same risk. Places like Yucatan Peninsula They may be completely underwater, as their size will increase from 0.6 to 2.1 meters as we approach the end of the century.

See also  Why are so many people eating it like this?
Gurani water body is important not only for human consumption but also for ecosystems and various industries. Photo: EcoPortal

Which is the largest underground water reserve in South America?

Some of the major sources of water suitable for human consumption are fresh water reserves. Contrary to what one might believe, these are not found in large glaciers, but underground. Our region is fortunate to have one of the largest fresh water reserves below the Earth's surface: the Guarani aquifer.

It covers an area of ​​1,194,000 km2 and varies in depth from a few tens of meters to 1,500m. Besides, Contains approximately 30,000 km3 of water. Because of this, recent studies consider this Third largest water reserve in the world. However, it plays a decisive role not only in humans but also in the ecosystem of the region and in the agriculture of the region.