Hypertension is a condition of high blood pressure. It is important to regularly consult a doctor to measure it and check that it is not outside the normal limits.
The World Health Organization explains how it is measured: “Blood pressure is given two values: the first is the systolic pressure and corresponds to the moment the heart contracts or beats. The second, diastolic tension, refers to the pressure exerted on the blood vessels as the heart relaxes between beats.
High blood pressure is characterized by a silent state, which means that in most cases it usually does not cause symptoms to people. However, when the disease is in an advanced stage, it can cause some.
“Some people with high blood pressure may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms are not specific. They usually do not appear until the disorder reaches a serious or life-threatening stage.Mayo Clinic, a non-profit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research.
There is also a condition called idiopathic intracranial hypertension, which can cause headaches. According to Medline Plus, The US National Library of Medicine’s website states that increased intracranial pressure can cause damage to the brain. It looks like you have a tumor, but you really don’t.
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition in which the pressure inside the skull increases. It affects the brain and looks like a tumor, even though it isn’t.
In addition to the color of the head, other symptoms are also manifested:
- Throbbing headache, daily, irregular and worse in the morning.
- Neck pain.
- Auspicious vision.
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
- Double vision (diplopia).
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Visual problems such as flashing lights and vision loss.
- Pain in lower back, spreading to both legs.
How to prevent high blood pressure?
Medline Plus highlights the importance of leading a healthy lifestyle to help prevent and control blood pressure:
- Eat heart-healthy foods. Include foods that are naturally low in fat, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
- Keep the body hydrated. Drink plenty of water.
- Do daily physical activity. Exercise helps prevent the development of many diseasesincluding high blood pressure.
- Don’t smoke.
- Avoid or reduce alcohol consumption.
- Moderate salt and sodium intake. A daily intake of less than 1,500 mg is recommended.
- Be calm. Avoid stress and its triggers.
- Get to a healthy weight.
Health problems due to high blood pressure
High blood pressure can have serious health consequences if not treated promptly. For this reason, experts recommend regular medical examinations. This condition hardens the arteries and causes atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart attack or stroke.
Symptoms of heart attack:
- Dizziness or vertigo
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Palpitations (a feeling that the heart is beating too fast or irregularly).
- Difficulty breathing.
- Sweat, it will be too much.
Symptoms of stroke:
- Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body).
- Sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech.
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
- Difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
- Sudden severe headache for no apparent reason.
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