- Second Kermani
- BBC News, Islamabad
Pakistan’s prime minister and former cricketer Imran Khan, 69, has been fired following a no – confidence motion in parliament.
Congressmen will meet again on Monday to vote for the new leader who will lead the country until his term ends in October 2023 and elections are scheduled.
But what led to his downfall?
When he was elected Prime Minister in 2018, everything seemed to be happening to Khan.
National Champion For His days As a player crWhatAndTransformed into a charismatic politician, he succeeded in transforming the two established rival political dynasties that had dominated Pakistan for decades, after years of struggle.
It emerged as a new force, boosting its popularity with its massive social media presence, with catchy songs full of vibrant political rallies. Sign the anti-corruption message.
Khan promised to bring “change” to the country and create a “new Pakistan”.
No Prime Minister in Pakistan has ever completed a five-year parliamentary termAnd Khan seemed to think he could be prime minister.
However, the reason why his condition seemed so secure also helps to explain his downfall.
Selected by military force
Both sides have denied this, but it is widely accepted Came to power with the help of a powerful army and intelligence From Pakistan, he now fought with them.
Undoubtedly, Khan had significant and genuine support from the population in 2018.
But he also had indirect support. “EstablishedIshment“Pakistan is made up of armed forces.
The military directly or indirectly controls much of the country’s existenceCritics called the Khan government a “hybrid regime.”
Support for Khan was highlighted in a variety of ways. During the 2018 election campaign, the distribution of media outlets expressing sympathy for their opponents was reduced, while some candidates running for office were forced or forced to join their party.
“It was created by them,” a member who left Khan’s party told the BBC about the military. “They brought him to power,” he added.
Opposition and corruption
His main rival, Nawaz Sharif, was first disqualified and later convicted of corruption.
Many suspected that the sheriff had been involved in corruption in the past, but the real reason he was being punished at this point was because he had fought with the military.
The sheriff began his political career as a defender of a military dictator, and before becoming independent, “”EstablishedIshment“.
He has always denied involvement in corruption, saying the allegations are politically motivated.
After coming to power, Khan, by contrast, proudly declared He and the army were inside. “HeA The same Page “ When making political decisions.
The results have left civil society activists worried. There have been a series of attacks and kidnappings in the country against journalists and commentators critical of both the Khan government and intelligence.
Both denied involvement, but no other culprit has yet been identified.
Criticism of his administration
Khan stressed that he was focused on improving management and had made some interesting expansions in the welfare system, for example introducing a medical insurance plan for most of the country.
However, in other areas it was paralyzed. His decision to appoint an inexperienced and incompetent political newcomer to a key position – the chief minister of the country’s most populous province – was widely ridiculed.
Unable to explain the reason for Khan’s refusal to change Usman Bustar’s appointee himself, despite widespread criticism, rumors circulated that the prime minister’s wife, spiritual guide, had warned Bostar that he was well. Will collapse.
There were other challenges as well. Food prices have risen sharply, the rupee has depreciated against the dollar and the cost of living in Pakistan has soared.
Khan’s supporters blame the global situation, but Denial towards The It was On the rise.
“Sheriffs may have lined up their pockets, but at least they did the job” became a common complaint.
Yet, for a time, the Prime Minister seemed like the best bet for the military.
He became an impressive figure on the world stage, and his decision not to order a total lockout during corona virus outbreaks proved to be less fatal than expected, although no one can be sure why it happened.
Meanwhile, his opponents increasingly expressed their rejection of the army, pointing fingers at the army commander. Kamar Javed BajwaAnd the head of the intelligence service, the Lieutenant General Faisal HamadKhan was responsible for “choosing” that position.
Last year the dynamic changed drastically.
Many viewers told the BBC that the military was increasingly frustrated Khan failed to achieve good government, especially in PunjabAnd perhaps because the opposition has publicly blamed him for bringing him to power.
Most importantly, a rift began to emerge between Bajwa and Hamid, who was expected to become the next army commander.
Hamid was so confident of his chances that he even told the authorities in neighboring Afghanistan that he would be the next in-charge of the army.
However, a source close to the armed forces said Hamid was seen as someone who could effectively handle “dirty work” – a reference to manipulating politicians or silencing critics. He was not seen as qualified to “run the company”.
Tensions between the two powerful figures were highlighted during a private conversation with influential commentators last summer. A journalist asked a question, to which the intelligence chief said it was time.
“I’m the boss”, Interrupted Bajwa In a dry way“Y I am going Decide which oneAWhen it canmos“. Then he took the question and answered quietly.
In October, enmity intensified and Khan was drowned. Bajwa is said to want to appoint a new person to the intelligence services, and the army announced a change in roles.
However, Khan, who had developed a close relationship with Hamid, objected.He seems to want to keep him until the election, thinking that it may help him win once again.
The Prime Minister postponed the issuance of a formal notice to change the target for almost three weeks before finally regretting it.
The now-visible rifts between the military and the Khan government have emboldened protesters.
As they began to plan a no-confidence vote and began campaigning for potential defectors within their own party and allies, several sources told the BBC. The military made it clear that they were going to be “neutral” this time.
The defector from Khan’s party told the BBC that he had received frequent “calls” from the intelligence services about what he and other MPs should do.
“We were treated badly,” he said angrily.
However, when Hamid left the post, the “calls” stopped. “Now the military is not intervening,” he added.
Journalist Kamran Youssef told the BBC that the military was involved in “managing” a slim majority in Khan’s allies and government.
“Once that support disappears, his downfall is inevitable.”He said.
Other differences arose between Khan and the military, especially in foreign policy.
Bajwa said last week that the invasion should be “stopped immediately,” despite his support for a visit to Moscow on the day Russian troops entered Ukraine and vehemently rejected attempts by Western authorities to condemn Vladimir Putin’s behavior.
Yusuf also said that Khan had previously “destroyed” Bajwa’s attempt to partially restore trade with regional rival India “due to political expense”.
Paradoxically, previous civilian governments clashed with the Pakistani military because they were in favor of improving relations with India, but there was no military at the time.
They blame the United States
Khan has repeatedly said he will not give up the fight. He alleges that he was victimized by the E-led initiativeUnited States Affecting “regime change” in PakistanDue to the anti-Western leanings in his foreign policy, which included a critique of Washington’s war in Afghanistan.
Most analysts dismissed the intentional exaggeration of the embassy cable sent by the Pakistani ambassador to the United States.
However, this seems to resonate with Khan’s supporters, which is knocking out anti – US reservations in the country.
Paradoxically, it was the Pakistani military that provoked a ripe situation for conspiracy theories by repeatedly warning of the dangers of vague “foreign conspiracies” or “foreign agendas”.
Khan once told his cricket team to “fight like a cornered tiger”. Now he seems to be a strong adversary.
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