December 4, 2022

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Images from NASA’s Artemis mission past the moon reveal a view an astronaut hasn’t seen first-hand in 50 years.

Images from NASA's Artemis mission past the moon reveal a view an astronaut hasn't seen first-hand in 50 years.

Earth is on the far side of the Moon behind the Orion spacecraft in this video taken on day six of the Artemis I mission.NASA

NASA’s new Orion spacecraft Far from the far side of the Moon, it beams gorgeous images back to Earth.

space capsule Launched aboard a Space Launch System (SLS) rocket. On November 15, both the capsule and rocket are designed to return humans to the Moon for the first time since the last Apollo mission in 1972—reviving NASA’s lunar ambitions in a new program called Artemis. Both the capsule and the rocket were flying for the first time.

The rocket mission is completed, but Orion is now completing a 25-day trip around the Moon and back. The mission is called Artemis I and is a test flight to ensure the spacecraft can safely carry astronauts.

As Orion moved away from Earth, its camera returned to take a look at our planet.

A solar spacecraft set high above the earth in space

One of Orion’s four solar arrays is deployed shortly after launch, high above Earth.NASA

Orion entered a “lunar sphere of influence” on Sunday, with the moon overtaking Earth as the primary gravitational force.

NASA spacecraft in space with the moon in the distance

The Orion spacecraft, with the Moon behind it, was captured by a camera on the tip of one of Orion’s solar arrays.NASA

Then it passed over the moon on Monday, flying 81 miles above the lunar surface, passing three of the Apollo landing sites. The spaceship screamed at 5,102 miles per hour, then slowed down to hurtle through space at 3,489 miles per hour, according to NASA.

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Spaceship with the moon looming in the background

Part of the far side of the Moon looms large on the day Orion draws near.NASA

Now Orion is on the far side of the Moon. No human has experienced this view directly since the Apollo missions. But if Orion succeeds in its first flight, NASA plans to send it with astronauts next.

On Friday, Orion is scheduled to reach its farthest point from the Moon, at about 57,287 miles.

Then, on Monday, the spaceship should reach its furthest point from Earth, about 20,000 miles more than any spacecraft built to transport humans has ever traveled.

This mission is designed to test the limits of the spaceship. Orion carries three mannequins equipped with scientific instruments and sensors to measure acceleration, vibration, and radiation that could affect future passengers.

Mannequin in spaceship seat view from behind with blank dashboard screens

The interior of the Orion crew module on the first flight day of the Artemis I mission, with the “Moonikin” mannequin in the commander’s seat.NASA

The moon’s gravity should push Orion back toward Earth, sending the spacecraft into a fiery fall through the atmosphere, which will test the ability of its heat shield to protect the occupants. Orion must then release its parachutes and drift into the splashing waters of the Pacific Ocean.

The illustration shows the Orion capsule as a fireball heading toward Earth

Artist’s illustration of the Orion capsule entering Earth’s atmosphere and heading toward collapse.NASA/Liam Iannolis

NASA plans to use the SLS, Orion, and SpaceX’s Starship to land astronauts on the moon again in 2025. Eventually, the agency plans to establish a permanent base on the lunar surface and build a new space station in lunar orbit.

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Read the original article at Business interested